Home NZ Emissions Trading Post 1989 Forestry Kyoto forests

Some 22% of global GHG emission is created from cutting down forest (deforestation). Growing forestry (afforestation) removes C02 from the atmosphere by photosynthesis. Part of the Kyoto Protocol acknowledges credit to be given for afforestation and the Government may issue ‘credits’ to those who grow forests.

Due to the 1990 start date of the UN initiatives this has been adopted as an arbitrary date as from when the tracking of the afforestation carbon credits starts. A forest planted post 31/12/1989 resulting in a change of use of the land to forestry is called a ‘Kyoto Forest’ and can attract carbon credits. Credits from growing forest are added to the limit agreed to with the UN and can be surrendered to the UN to offset emissions above the agreed cap and therefore have a value to those who emit in excess of the 1990 levels.

Certain forests planted before 1990 and deforested prior to the 1st January 2008 may also be eligible to be ‘Kyoto’ Forest and receive credits.

Post 1989 :: Definition of Kyoto Forest

So called Kyoto Forest is defined as follows:


• land that was not forest land as at 31 December 1989;
• forest land that was deforested between 1 January 1990 and 1 January 2008;
• forest land that was deforested after 1 January 2008 and for which any liabilities incurred by the Crown have been remitted to the Crown.
• AND is covered by forest that meets the New Zealand definition of a forest


Acceptable evidence to assist in determining post-1989 forest eligibility could include aerial photographs from around 1990, land management records or an acceptable demonstration of forest